Fannie Mae: Economic Growth Continues; Employment and Income Growth Lead the Way

by MPA19 Mar 2012

WASHINGTON, DC – Recent economic data are pointing to a gradually improving economy. GDP revisions for the fourth quarter of 2011 indicated a stronger underlying pace of demand with higher consumer spending and business investment, according to Fannie Mae’s Economic & Strategic Research Group. However, inventory accumulation accounted for about two-thirds of the increase in headline economic growth, while growth from other sources grew at a tepid 1.1 percent annualized pace. The most positive aspect of the GDP revisions was the upward revision to income growth, which revealed a less sharp decline in the saving rate in the second half of 2011. Increased income growth and less saving reduction imply consumer spending has stronger support in the near-term. Overall, the Group expects growth to accelerate from the subdued pace of the first quarter of 2012, strengthening to about 2.5 percent in the second half of the year.

Employment growth has been an important development from a housing sector perspective. Four solid months of private sector payroll growth have given rise to the possibility of overall increased economic activity, with employment playing a pivotal role for a housing recovery.

“Our February National Housing Survey has shown the impact of recent strong private sector employment growth on Americans, as consumer confidence in the direction of the economy has improved by 19 percent since November 2011,” said Fannie Mae Chief Economist Doug Duncan. “We continue to see a better balance of upside and downside risk, as the improving labor market is expected to help turn one of the headwinds in the housing market into a tailwind. On the downside, a rise in gas prices may affect the consumption of other goods and services if prices stay high for a significant period of time.”

For an audio synopsis of the March 2012 Economic Outlook, listen to the podcast on the Economic & Strategic Research site at www.fanniemae.com. Visit the site to read the full March 2012 Economic Outlook, including the Economic Developments Commentary, Economic Forecast, Housing Forecast, and Multifamily Market Commentary.

Also available via link from the Economic Developments Commentary is the new Fannie Mae Data Note: “Single-Family Rental Housing – The Fastest Growing Component of the Rental Market,” which examines single-family rental units as a share of the renter-occupied housing stock. Increased demand for rental housing would help reduce the excess supply of vacant homes for rent and perhaps help convert some of the vacant homes for sale to rental units, decreasing the excess supply of vacant homes for sale, and, in effect, accelerating the stabilization of the overall housing market.

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