The bill, written by Senate Banking Committee Chairman Tim Johnson (D-S.D.) and Ranking Member Mike Crapo (R-Idaho) would dismantle the mortgage finance giants and replace them with a new federal mortgage insurer while moving more risk onto private capital.
The bill has enough votes to pass the Senate Banking Committee. Last week, however, six key Democrats – Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Charles Shumer (D-N.Y.), Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio), Jeff Merkley (D-Oregon), Robert Menendez (D-N.J.) and Jack Reed (D-R.I.) – withdrew their support
from the legislation. Warren and her allies said the bill needed major revision, according to Bloomberg. They felt the structure of the new federal reinsurer was problematic and that the bill didn’t contain sufficient support for affordable housing goals. But without more Democratic support, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) is unlikely to bring the bill before the full chamber, the Washington Post reported.
Despite bipartisan support, the bill is controversial. Shareholders in Fannie and Freddie want Fannie and Freddie returned to private ownership. Several hedge funds have filed lawsuits challenging the current system in which the mortgage giants send all their profits to the Treasury.
Other critics worry the bill would tighten credit requirements for government-backed mortgages, making mortgages more expensive for many borrowers and pricing some would-be home buyers out of the market.
A plan to wind down Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac appears to be stalled in the Senate.